The identity of a people and of a civilization is reflected and concentrated in what has been created by the mind—in what is known as “culture.” If this identity is threatened with extinction, cultural life grows correspondingly more intense, more important, until culture itself becomes the living value around which all people rally. – Milan Kundera, “The Tragedy of Central Europe.” New York Review of Books.

Raphael. The Parnassus. 1511. Fresco.
Raphael. The Parnassus. 1511. Fresco.

“Our prevailing modern Western worldview is no more ‘modern’ than the worldview of the first Christians. All that has happened is that many leading scientists in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, who were attracted to Epicureanism for quite other reasons (not least social, cultural, and political), have interpreted their perfectly proper scientific observations (for instance, concerning the origin and development of different species of plants and animals) within an Epicurean framework. It has then been assumed that ‘science’ actually supports this view of a detached ‘God’ and a world simply doing its own thing. But this is profoundly mistaken.” — N. T. Wright, The Case for the Psalms

Raphael. Epicurus. The School of Athens. 1511. Fresco..jpg
Raphael. “Epicurus.” The School of Athens. 1511. Fresco.


“The man was born for trouble.” — Homer, The Odyssey

“Believed to have been blind and unable to write his name, Homer (c. eighth century BC) is credited with the composition of the Iliad and the Odyssey, books one and two of the Western Canon.” — Lapham, Lewis H., editor. Lapham’s Quarterly. Volume 1.1.

Raphael. Homer. The Parnassus. 1511. Fresco..jpg
Raphael. “Homer.” The Parnassus. 1511. Fresco.