“la luz no absuelve ni condena,
no es justa ni es injusta.”
– Octavio Paz, “La Vista, El Tacto”

“the light does not absolve or condemn,
it is neither just nor unjust.”
– Octavio Paz, “Sight and Touch”

“αὕτη δέ ἐστιν ἡ κρίσις, ὅτι τὸ φῶς ἐλήλυθεν εἰς τὸν κόσμον καὶ ἠγάπησαν οἱ ἄνθρωποι μᾶλλον τὸ σκότος ἢ τὸ φῶς· ἦν γὰρ αὐτῶν πονηρὰ τὰ ἔργα. πᾶς γὰρ ὁ φαῦλα πράσσων μισεῖ τὸ φῶς καὶ οὐκ ἔρχεται πρὸς τὸ φῶς, ἵνα μὴ ἐλεγχθῇ τὰ ἔργα αὐτοῦ· ὁ δὲ ποιῶν τὴν ἀλήθειαν ἔρχεται πρὸς τὸ φῶς, ἵνα φανερωθῇ αὐτοῦ τὰ ἔργα ὅτι ἐν Θεῷ ἐστιν εἰργασμένα.” – Κατα Ιωαννην 3:19-21 (Nestle-Aland 28)

“And this is the judgment, that the light has come into the world, and people loved darkness rather than light because their deeds were evil. For all who do evil hate the light and do not come to the light, so that their deeds may not be exposed. But those who do what is true come to the light, so that it may be clearly seen that their deeds have been done in God.” – John 3:19-21 (NRSV)

Michelangelo, Conversion of Saul 1542-5.jpg
Michelangelo. Conversion of Saul. Cappella Paolina, Vacitcan City. 1542. Fresco.

“חָנֵּ֣נִי אֱלֹהִ֣ים כְּחַסְדֶּ֑ךָ כְּרֹ֥ב רַ֝חֲמֶ֗יךָ מְחֵ֣ה פְשָׁעָֽי׃
הַרְבֵּה כַּבְּסֵ֣נִי מֵעֲוֹנִ֑י וּֽמֵחַטָּאתִ֥י טַהֲרֵֽנִי׃
כִּֽי־פְ֭שָׁעַי אֲנִ֣י אֵדָ֑ע וְחַטָּאתִ֖י נֶגְדִּ֣י תָמִֽיד׃
לְךָ֤ לְבַדְּךָ֨ ׀ חָטָאתִי֮ וְהָרַ֥ע בְּעֵינֶ֗יךָ עָ֫שִׂ֥יתִי לְ֭מַעַן תִּצְדַּ֥ק בְּדָבְרֶ֗ךָ תִּזְכֶּ֥ה בְשָׁפְטֶֽךָ׃”
— Psalms 51:1-4 (BHS)

“Have mercy on me, O God,
according to your steadfast love;
according to your abundant mercy
blot out my transgressions.
Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity,
and cleanse me from my sin.
For I know my transgressions,
and my sin is ever before me.
Against you, you alone, have I sinned,
and done what is evil in your sight,
so that you are justified in your sentence
and blameless when you pass judgment.”
— Psalms 51:1-4 (NRSV)

“Humans have sinned, but God will still work through them; Israel has sinned, but God will still use its people to bless the nations; monarchs have sinned grievously, but God still promises to bring the world into subjection under his anointed king.” — N. T. Wright, The Case for the Psalms

Michelangelo David, 1501-1504
Michelangelo. David. Galleria dell’Accademia, Florence. 1504. Marble statue.

“They said to him, ‘Thus says Hezekiah, This day is a day of distress, of rebuke, and of disgrace; children have come to the birth, and there is no strength to bring them forth.’ — Isaiah 37:3 (NRSV)

Michelangelo. Prophet Isaiah. Sistine Chapel, Vatican City. 1512. Fresco.
Michelangelo. Prophet Isaiah. Sistine Chapel, Vatican City. 1512. Fresco.

“O sol, che sani ogni vista turbata,
tu mi contenti sì quando tu solvi,
che, non men che saper, dubbiar m’aggrada.”

“O sun, that heals all sight that is perplexed,
when I ask you, your answer so contents
that doubting pleases me as much as knowing.”

Michelangelo. The Creation of the Sun, Moon and Vegetation. Sistine Chapel, Vatican City. 1511. Fresco..jpg

Dante Alighieri. The Divine Comedy. Translator Allen Mandelbaum.
Dante Alighieri. La Divina Commedia. BUR Rizzoli, 2016.
Michelangelo. The Creation of the Sun, Moon and Vegetation. Sistine Chapel, Vatican City. 1511. Fresco.

“lasciate ogni speranza, voi ch’entrate.”

“abandon every hope, who enter here.”

“I said: In the noontide of my days
I must depart;
I am consigned to the gates of Sheol
for the rest of my years.”

Michelangelo. The Last Judgment. Sistine Chapel, Vatican City. 1541. Fresco. Charon.

Dante Alighieri. La Divina Commedia. BUR Rizzoli, 2016.
Dante Alighieri. The Divine Comedy. Translator Allen Mandelbaum.
Isaiah 38:10 (NRSV).
Michelangelo. “Charon.” The Last Judgment. Sistine Chapel, Vatican City. 1541.